5 steps to fuel efficiency

12th November 2015


In Pakistan, most families have at least one car. With the increase in fuel prices, most of us are confused about how to use our cars more efficiently. Below are some really simple steps which all of us can follow, and achieve a visible saving on fuel expenditure.

1.    Need for speed

There is a common misconception that driving slower will increase the fuel efficiency. If you drive at a lower gear, more fuel is being utilized to power the car, which is adversely affecting your fuel consumption. If your car has an automatic gearbox, then it will do the job of choosing what gear to be in, so it won’t be a problem. According to research, the optimal speed to increase fuel efficiency is said to be 80-100 km/h.

2.    Become lighter

Just like your body, your car needs more fuel to move around more weight. So, just as you wouldn't wear a heavy rucksack unless you had to, don't cart stuff around in the boot of your car unless you need it. For every 45kg removed, fuel economy increases by 1-2 percent. You can simply increase your fuel efficiency by removing heavy items like golf clubs, baby strollers or amplifier units from your car.

3.    Turn it off

As tempting as it sounds, don’t keep the air conditioning running all the time. It might help you maintain the temperature inside the car, but it uses a lot of fuel. It's better to use the air vents for most of the year, and the air-conditioning when it gets too hot.
Also, don’t keep your engine running while the car isn’t mobile, like while waiting for someone in the car, or during peak traffic hours. Taking care of these little things will have a major impact on your fuel consumption.

4.    Drive smoother

Keeping the window down while driving in town won’t make any major impact, but it does when you’re driving at a higher speed at the motorway or highway. Your car will utilize more fuel to overcome the drag caused by the strong wind if your windows are down or the sunroof is open. To avoid this, roll up those windows, close your sunroof, and become aerodynamic, so that it becomes easier for your car to move at higher speeds without using too much energy.

5.    Keep it healthy

Make sure that you check your tire pressure regularly. The lower the tire pressure in your car, the higher the energy used by your engine to move the car body, hence increasing the fuel usage of the car. It is advisable to check the tire pressure of your car on a weekly basis.

Also, keep track of the car’s overall health by checking the oil and water levels and getting the car serviced regularly. By doing this, the pistons in your engine function smoothly and thereby increase fuel efficiency!


By Hala Ahmad


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